Interpersonal sensitivity and functioning impairment in the At Risk Syndrome for Psychosis

Presentation First Author: 
A. Masillo

Background A personality trait that often elicits poor and uneasy interpersonal relationships is interpersonal sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between interpersonal sensitivity and psychosocial functioning in the Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome (APS). Method A total sample of 147 adolescents and young adult who were help-seeking for emerging mental health problems participated to the study. The sample was divided into two groups: 39 APS who scored 18 or over on the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and met criteria for the Structured Interview for Prodromal Symptoms (SIPS), and 108 Negative Screening (NS) who scored 17 or less on PQ. The whole sample completed the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM), the Global Functioning: Social and Role Scale (GF:SS; GF:RS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF). Results Individuals with APS showed higher IPSM scores and lower GF:SS, GF:RS and GAF scores than NS participants. A statistically significant correlation between interpersonal sensitivity and psychosocial functioning impairment was found among both groups. Conclusion This study suggests interpersonal sensitivity was strongly associated with social functioning impairment. Considering that psychosocial functioning impairment was found to be associated with considerably decreased subjective quality of life within people with APS, detecting and treating subjective psychopathological aspects (i.e. interpersonal sensitivity) associated with it seems to be an important therapeutic target for APS.

Conference Name: 
Presentation Date: 
January, 2015
Additional Authors: 
L. Valmaggia - R. Saba - M. Brandizzi - J.F. Lindau - M. Curto - A. Stefanelli - F. Narilli - D. DiPietro - M. D'Alema - P. Girardi - P. Fiori-Nastro
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