IEPA 2014

Title Poster First Author Abstract or summary Type
Associations between self-disorders and other illness measures in a first admission sample Julie Nordgaard

Aim The aim of the study was to explore correlations between self-disorders (SDs), other measures of psychopathology (perceptual disturbances, formal thought disorders, and positive and negative symptoms), IQ, and extrinsic illness characteristics in a sample of young first admission patients. Method A sample of 100 diagnostically heterogeneous, first-admitted in-patients underwent comprehensive psychiatric interviews. SDs were assessed by means of the EASE scale. An experienced psychiatrist conducted all the interviews and patients were diagnosed according to DSM-IV.

Conference Presentations
Adolescent Self-Control Predicts Midlife Hallucinatory Experiences: 40-Year Follow-Up of A National Birth Cohort Atsushi Nishida

Associations between self-control in adolescence and adult mental health are unclear in the general population; to our knowledge, no study has investigated self-control in relation to psychotic-like symptoms. Aims: To investigate the relationship between adolescent self-control and the midlife mental health outcomes of anxiety and depression symptoms and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), controlling for the effect of adolescent conduct and emotional problems and for parental occupational social class and childhood cognition.

Conference Presentations
Depressive symptoms mediate the relationship between childhood adversity and psychotic-like experiences Daniel Davies

Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common in nonclinical populations and may indicate a trajectory towards psychopathology. The relationships between PLEs, childhood adversity (CA) and psychosocial distress were investigated using the first wave of data from the Neuroscience-in-Psychiatry-Network (NSPN), a 2000-strong accelerated longitudinal cohort of adolescent development. 537 people between 14 and 24 were interviewed for PLEs and were included in the analysis. Prevalence of PLEs was 13.78% and did not differ significantly with age or sex.

Conference Presentations
Predictors of six years functional remission in individuals at High Clinical Risk for Psychosis Martina Brandizzi

Objective: The long-term functional status of subjects at ultra high risk for psychosis (HR) is relatively under investigated. This study explores baseline predictors of long-term functional outcome in HR subjects who did not convert to psychosis during a 6 years follow-up period. Method: 154 HR patients were followed up for a mean time of 6 years. The primary outcome variable was global assessment of functioning at the last follow-up visit as assessed with the Global Assessment of Functioning tool.

Conference Presentations
Social defeat and paranoid ideation in the Ultra High Risk. Lucia Valmaggia

Background Recent research has proposed that a plausible mechanism for why only a subset of 'ultra high risk (UHR) individuals make a transition to psychosis is that this transition is linked to increased exposure or to an increased vulnerability to social stressors (or to both) (Corcoran et al., 2003, Corcoran et al., 2012, Thompson et al., 2007). It has been proposed that the cumulative effect of prolonged exposure to such social stressors may lead to 'social defeat (Selten and Cantor-Graae, 2005).

Conference Presentations
Basic self-disturbance in the ultra high risk and first episode psychosis populations: Findings from the PACE Clinic Barnaby Nelson

Background Phenomenological research indicates that disturbance of the basic sense of self may be a core phenotypic marker of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. This refers to disruption of the implicit sense of ownership of experience and agency and is associated with a variety of dissociative symptoms and anomalous cognitive and bodily experiences. Several studies have been conducted at PACE in order to explore this model in early psychosis populations. Method The first study assessed the predictive utility of a basic self-disturbance measure (the EASE) in a UHR sample (N=49).

Conference Presentations
Interpersonal sensitivity and functioning impairment in the At Risk Syndrome for Psychosis A. Masillo

Background A personality trait that often elicits poor and uneasy interpersonal relationships is interpersonal sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between interpersonal sensitivity and psychosocial functioning in the Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome (APS). Method A total sample of 147 adolescents and young adult who were help-seeking for emerging mental health problems participated to the study.

Conference Presentations
Assessment of Self Disturbances in High Risk Adolescents and Clinical Controls: Preliminary Findings from a Multi-Center Psychosis Prevention Program N Lo Cascio

Background Two sets of high risk criteria are commonly used in the early detection of psychosis: the Ultra-High Risk (UHR) and the Cognitive Disturbances (COGDIS) criteria. Besides these, Parnas and colleagues have developed the Examination of Anomalous Self-Experience (EASE) for the assessment of Self-Disturbances (SD), which are considered a specific subjective phenotype of schizophrenia. Methods This is a multi-center study. The sample consists to date of 79 non-psychotic adolescents aged 14-18.

Conference Presentations
Clinical phenomenology of anomalous subjective experiences: a guide for the perplexed Andrea Raballo

Nonpsychotic anomalies of subjective experience have been described as a core feature of schizophrenia both in classical and recent psychopathological literature. Some of these experiential alterations have been demonstrated to antedate the onset of psychosis and possibly shape pre-clinical trajectories towards help-seeking as well as transitions to full-blown psychosis. Among those, two constructs are prominent in contemporary early detection and intervention research: cognitive-perceptual basic symptoms (CPBS) and self-disorders (SDs).

Conference Presentations
Filmed social contact v. internet self-learning to reduce mental health-related stigma among university students in Japan: a randomized controlled trial Sosei Yamaguchi

Objectives Recent systematic reviews have revealed that (filmed) social contact can be effective to reduce mental health-related stigma. The reviews also pointed out the problems; few studies that assessed behaviours and conducted long term follow-up. In addition, nowadays many young people can actually see the news and videos about mental health using the internet, if they interested in such topics. However, no studies investigated the influences of the free use of internet on mental health-related stigma.

Conference Presentations

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