IEPA 2012

Title Poster First Author Abstract or summary Type
Caregiver psycho-education for first-episode psychosis Stephen McWilliams

International best-practice guidelines for the management of first-episode psychosis have recommended the provision of psycho-education for multi-family groups. While there is ample evidence of their efficacy in multi-episode psychosis, there is a paucity of evidence supporting this approach specifically for first-episode psychosis. We sought to determine whether a six-week caregiver psycho-education programme geared specifically at first-episode psychosis improves caregiver knowledge and attitudes.

Conference Presentations
Frontostriatal dysfunction during response inhibitionin youth at clinical risk of psychosis Susanna Fryer

Not available

Conference Presentations
The Complex Interplay Of Substance Use And Service Delivery: The Perspective Of Young People Treated For A First Episode Psychosis Suzanne Archie

Objective: It is important to listen to the voices of young people, who have had first-hand experiences with the healthcare system, in order to reform the system so services are more youth-friendly. The system may have even more difficulty engaging first episode psychosis youth who have had problems with substance use. In order to incorporate the perspective of these young people, qualitative methodologies may help researchers to better understand their viewpoint.

Conference Presentations
Understanding processes in CBT for Early Psychosis Tania Lecomte

Not Available

Conference Presentations
Cognitive control in clinical-high-risk youth: potential marker of risk and recovery Tara Niendam

Background: Impaired cognitive control is seen across all stages of schizophrenia, but it is unclear whether such deficits are present in individuals at clinical risk for psychosis or predictive of clinical outcome. The AXCPT was used to measure cognitive control in a longitudinal study of clinical-high-risk (CHR), recent onset schizophrenia (RO) and healthy control (HC) participants.

Conference Presentations
Multi-site investigation of impaired prefrontal functioning as a potential marker of psychosis risk state Tara Niendam

Prefrontal cortex structural abnormalities may pre-date and predict psychosis onset, yet it is unclear how functional deficits manifest and affect functioning prior to onset. A computerized cognitive control measure (AXCPT) was used in a multi-site study to examine prefrontal function in individuals with attenuated symptoms of psychosis (APS), early psychosis (EP), and help-seeking psychiatric controls (PC). We hypothesized APS and EP individuals would show deficits on the AXCPT relative to PCs, in a manner similar to individuals with schizophrenia.

Conference Presentations
Bibliotherapy for first-time primary caregivers of family members with first-episode psychosis: a randomized controlled trial Terence V. McCann-Cotton

First-time caregivers of young people with FEP often experience considerable difficulties in their caregiving role. We evaluated if caregivers who completed a bibliotherapy manual (BM)reported a more favourable experience of caregiving, lower level of expressed emotion and distress, and better coping skills, than a control group who receive treatment as usual (TAU). Caregivers were recruited through case managers at Orygen Youth Health and the Recovery and Prevention of Psychosis Service, in Melbourne, Australia.

Conference Presentations
Understanding the effects of cannabis on the human brain: relevance to psychosis and future translational potential Sagnik Bhattacharyya

Although epidemiological studies link regular use of cannabis with an increased risk for the development of schizophrenia, the underlying biological mechanisms are unclear. There is also marked inter-individual variability in the sensitivity to the effects of cannabis. While genes are thought to moderate this variability, how this genetic moderation is mediated in the brain is unclear. Another layer of complexity related to the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis pertains to the many different ingredients in the extract of cannabis, with different mechanisms of action.

Conference Presentations
Social Support And Functioning At Five Year Follow-Up Ross M G Norman

Objective: Although qualitative and cross-sectional quantitative studies suggest that social support is an important contributor to functional recovery from psychotic illness, there has been little prospective research on this issue. This prospective study examines social support at initiation of treatment for psychosis and after one year treatment as predictors of functioning at five year follow-up. Methods: Measures of social support and other likely early predictors of later functional outcome were obtained for 132 patients with psychotic disorders.

Conference Presentations
The Opus-Trial: Intensive, Early, Psychosocial Intervention vs Treatment As Usual For People With A First Episode Within The Schizophrenic Spectrum. Rikke Gry Secher

In the OPUS trial, 547 people with a first diagnose within the schizophrenic spectrum were randomized to either two years of intensive, early, psychosocial intervention (OPUS treatment) or treatment as usual (TAU). OPUS treatment included social skills training, multi family groups, own case manager, optional house calls and more. TAU generally offered none of the treatment elements mentioned above. After the intervention the OPUS patients showed significantly lower psychopathology, rates of hospitalization and improved social functioning as compared to the TAU patients.

Conference Presentations

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